Durian Planting : Exploring The 10 Best Durian Cultivars to Grow in Malaysia - Top Fruits

Durian Planting : Exploring The 10 Best Durian Cultivars to Grow in Malaysia

Durian Planting : Exploring The 10 Best Durian Cultivars to Grow in Malaysia

By Top Fruits Team | July 3, 2024

As a Malaysian farmer or an individual aspiring to be one, one of the most important decisions you’ll make is the crop you choose to grow. Get it right, and you’ll thrive as a farmer. Get it wrong, and you’ll be in for a rough time.

So, like it is with any kind of business.

Fortunately, since you’re reading this, you’ve already heard of Durians, known as the “king of fruits“, a beloved delicacy and a golden opportunity to make a living and contribute to a thriving global market.

With its rich, creamy flesh and unique aroma, durian has captured the hearts (and taste buds) of people worldwide. And guess what? Malaysia is the heart of durian production, boasting a staggering 93% of global durian production.

But here’s the thing: not all durian cultivars are created equal.

Choosing the right variety is the key to unlocking a bountiful harvest and maximizing profits. Whether you’re a seasoned durian aficionado or just starting your journey, this guide will help you understand the durian cultivars landscape, the top 10 varieties that thrive in Malaysia’s climate, and the unique charm and potential for each.

Let’s get into it.

Top Tier Durian Cultivars

Durian Cultivar

Information

D200 Black Thorn

  • Other Names: Duri Hitam, Ochee, Hei Tze

  • Registered Date: 2013

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 95 - RM 155

  • Yield Potential: High

  • Disease Resistance: Moderate

  • Additional Notes: Known for its unique flavor and adaptability to various soil conditions.
  • D197 Musang King

  • Other Names: Mao Shan Wang D197

  • Registered Date: 1993

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 70 - RM 135

  • Yield Potential: High

  • Disease Resistance: Moderate

  • Additional Notes: Thrives in well-draining soil and requires ample sunlight.
  • D24 Sultan King

  • Other Names: Sultan, XO

  • Registered Date: 1937

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 18 - RM 38

  • Yield Potential: High

  • Disease Resistance: Moderate

  • Additional Notes: Adaptable to various soil types and known for its consistent flavor profile.
  • D198 Golden Phoenix

  • Other Names: Jin Feng

  • Registered Date: Mac-13

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 50 - RM 70

  • Yield Potential: Moderate

  • Disease Resistance: Moderate

  • Additional Notes: Requires well-draining soil and consistent watering.
  • D168

  • Other Names: Durian IOI, Johor mas, hajah hasmah, mas muar

  • Registered Date: 1989

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 40 - RM 70

  • Yield Potential: Moderate

  • Disease Resistance: High

  • Additional Notes: Appreciated for its subtle flavor and resistance to common durian diseases.
  • D160 Musang Queen (Tekka)

  • Other Names: Tekka, Zhu Jiao

  • Registered Date: 1987

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 60 - RM 9

  • Yield Potential: Moderate

  • Disease Resistance: Moderate

  • Additional Notes: Often preferred by those who find Musang King too strong.
  • D24 Bukit Merah (Sultan)

  • Other Names: Sultan, Bukit Merah

  • Registered Date: 1937

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 30 - RM 50

  • Yield Potential: High

  • Disease Resistance: Moderate

  • Additional Notes: Known for its unique flavor profile and adaptability to various soil conditions.
  • D99 Gob Kecil

  • Other Names: Kop Kecil, Gob

  • Registered Date: 1970

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 32 - RM 38

  • Yield Potential: Moderate

  • Disease Resistance: Moderate

  • Additional Notes: Appreciated for its convenience and suitability for individual consumption.
  • D190 MDUR88

  • Registered Date: 1992

  • Avg. Selling Price (per kg): RM 42 - RM 52

  • Yield Potential: High

  • Disease Resistance: High

  • Additional Notes: Known for its consistent quality, disease resistance, and adaptability to various growing conditions.
  • D200 Black Thorn

    types-of-durians-black-thorn

    Image source: Top Fruits

    This enigmatic durian variety boasts a unique bittersweet flavor profile complemented by a luscious, creamy texture. Its dark green husk, adorned with characteristic thorns, sets it apart in the market.

    Black Thorn is a favorite among those who prefer a less intensely sweet durian experience.

    • Also Known As: Duri Hitam, Ochee, Hei Tze
    • Registered Date: 2013
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 95 – RM 155
    • History/Origin: A relatively new cultivar developed in Pahang, Malaysia.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Bittersweet with hints of coffee and chocolate.
    • Texture: Dense and creamy.
    • Distinguishing Features: Dark green husk with prominent thorns, smaller fruit size.
    • Yield Potential: High
    • Disease Resistance: Moderate
    • Additional Notes: Known for its unique flavor and adaptability to various soil conditions.

    D197 Musang King

    This legendary durian, often hailed as the “King of Kings,” is a must-try for any durian enthusiast. Its golden yellow flesh is renowned for its rich, buttery flavor, with hints of caramel and coffee and a delightfully creamy texture.

    The Musang King’s distinctive aroma and small seed further enhance its appeal, making it a top choice for both connoisseurs and newcomers to the world of durian.

    • Also Known As: Mao Shan Wang D197
    • Registered Date: 1993
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 70 – RM 135
    • History/Origin: Originating in Kelantan, this cultivar quickly gained popularity for its exceptional flavor and aroma.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Rich, buttery, with hints of caramel and coffee.
    • Texture: Creamy and dense.
    • Distinguishing Features: Golden yellow flesh, small seed, and a distinctive star-shaped pattern on the bottom of the fruit.
    • Yield Potential: High
    • Disease Resistance: Moderate
    • Additional Notes: Thrives in well-draining soil and requires ample sunlight.

    D24 Sultan King

    sultan-king-durian

    This regal durian variety is a crowd-pleaser, celebrated for its harmonious balance of sweetness and bitterness. Its golden-yellow flesh is thick and creamy, making it a popular choice for both savoring fresh and incorporating into delectable desserts.

    The Sultan King’s inviting aroma and satisfyingly large size make it a staple at durian feasts and a favorite among those who appreciate a well-rounded durian experience.

    • Also Known As: Sultan, XO
    • Registered Date: 1937
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 18 – RM 38
    • History/Origin: A classic Malaysian cultivar with a long-standing reputation for quality.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Balanced sweetness and bitterness with hints of tropical fruit.
    • Texture: Thick, creamy, and custard-like.
    • Distinguishing Features: Large, round fruit with a spiky husk and golden yellow flesh.
    • Yield Potential: High
    • Disease Resistance: Moderate
    • Additional Notes: Adaptable to various soil types and known for its consistent flavor profile.

    D198 Golden Phoenix

    Prepare to be amazed by the Golden Phoenix.

    This durian boasts a vibrant yellow flesh with a complex flavor profile that ranges from sweet to savory, with hints of apricot and melon. Its unique appearance and taste make it a sought-after variety for those seeking a durian experience that’s truly out of the ordinary.

    • Also Known As: Jin Feng
    • Registered Date: Mac-13
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 47 – RM 70
    • History/Origin: Developed through crossbreeding in Malaysia, this cultivar is known for its distinct yellow flesh.
    • Planting Season: May-August
    • Flavor Profile: Sweet with savory undertones and hints of apricot and melon.
    • Texture: Creamy and slightly fibrous.
    • Distinguishing Features: Vibrant yellow flesh, medium-sized fruit with a slightly elongated shape.
    • Yield Potential: Moderate
    • Disease Resistance: Moderate
    • Additional Notes: Requires well-draining soil and consistent watering.

    D168

    Image source: Durio Tourism

    This hidden gem might not be as well-known as its counterparts, but it’s a rising star in the durian world, captivating those who discover its charms.

    Its delicate sweetness and smooth, almost custard-like texture make it a delightful treat, especially for those who prefer a milder durian flavor.

    • Also Known As: Durian IOI, Johor mas, hajah hasmah, mas muar
    • Registered Date: 1989
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 55 – RM 70
    • History/Origin: A lesser-known cultivar with a loyal following among durian enthusiasts.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Delicate sweetness with floral and honey notes.
    • Texture: Smooth and custard-like.
    • Distinguishing Features: Pale yellow flesh, medium-sized fruit with a slightly oval shape.
    • Yield Potential: Moderate
    • Disease Resistance: High
    • Additional Notes: Appreciated for its subtle flavor and resistance to common durian diseases.

    D175 Red Prawn

    Image source: Flickr

    This captivating durian variety lives up to its name, showcasing a reddish flesh that hints at its sweet, slightly alcoholic flavor. Prized for its unique taste and vibrant appearance, the Red Prawn durian is a favorite among those who enjoy a durian with a bit of a kick.

    Its creamy texture and lingering sweetness make it a memorable addition to any durian feast.

    • Also Known As: Hong xia, udang merah
    • Registered Date: 1990
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 28 – RM 57
    • History/Origin: A popular cultivar known for its reddish flesh and distinct flavor.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Sweet with a subtle alcoholic note with hints of honey and spice.
    • Texture: Creamy and slightly sticky.
    • Distinguishing Features: Reddish-orange flesh, medium-sized fruit with a round shape.
    • Yield Potential: Moderate
    • Disease Resistance: Moderate
    • Additional Notes: Requires well-draining soil and prefers a slightly cooler climate.

    D160 Musang Queen (Tekka)

    tekka-durian-photo

    Image source: Durio Tourism

    Often considered a close cousin to the Musang King, the Musang Queen offers a similar flavor profile but with a slightly milder sweetness, making it an excellent option for those who find Musang King a tad too intense.

    Its creamy texture and rich aroma still deliver a luxurious durian experience with a delightful balance of sweet and bitter notes.

    • Also Known As: Tekka, Zhu Jiao
    • Registered Date: 1987
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 70 – RM 108
    • History/Origin: A popular cultivar known for its similarity to Musang King but with a milder flavor.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Sweet and creamy with a hint of bitterness, similar to Musang King but less intense.
    • Texture: Creamy and smooth.
    • Distinguishing Features: Orange-yellow flesh, medium-sized fruit with a slightly oval shape.
    • Yield Potential: Moderate
    • Disease Resistance: Moderate
    • Additional Notes: Often preferred by those who find Musang King too strong.

    D24 Bukit Merah (Sultan)

    sultan-king-durian

    This variation of the D24 cultivar, sometimes simply called “Bukit Merah,” boasts a distinct taste and aroma that sets it apart from its siblings. Its thick, custard-like flesh is a symphony of flavors, with a prominent bitterness balanced by underlying sweetness and hints of spice.

    The Bukit Merah’s unique taste and satisfyingly dense texture make it a favorite among durian connoisseurs who appreciate a bolder durian experience.

    • Also Known As: Sultan, Bukit Merah
    • Registered Date: 1937
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 30 – RM 50
    • History/Origin: A variant of the D24 cultivar, originating from the Bukit Merah region of Perak, Malaysia.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Primarily bitter with underlying sweetness and hints of spice.
    • Texture: Thick, dense, and custard-like.
    • Distinguishing Features: Large, round fruit with a slightly elongated shape and pale yellow flesh.
    • Yield Potential: High
    • Disease Resistance: Moderate
    • Additional Notes: Known for its unique flavor profile and adaptability to various soil conditions.

    D99 Gob Kecil

    Image Source: Jabatan Pertanian Malaysia | Facebook

    Don’t let its small size fool you – the D99 Gob Kecil, also known as “Little Gob,” packs a punch with its sweet and custardy flavor.

    This cultivar is a favorite among those who prefer a smaller, more manageable durian, perfect for a personal treat or sharing with a friend. Its thin husk and easily accessible flesh make it a convenient choice for durian lovers on the go.

    • Also Known As: Kop Kecil, Gob
    • Registered Date: 1970
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 32 – RM 38
    • History/Origin: A traditional Malaysian cultivar known for its small size and sweet flavor.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Sweet and custardy with hints of vanilla.
    • Texture: Soft and creamy.
    • Distinguishing Features: Small, round fruit with a thin husk and pale yellow flesh.
    • Yield Potential: Moderate
    • Disease Resistance: Moderate
    • Additional Notes: Appreciated for its convenience and suitability for individual consumption.

    D190 MDUR88

    Image Source: Agroworld

    This cultivar is recognized for its consistent quality and reliable yield, making it an attractive option for farmers seeking a dependable durian variety. Its creamy, bittersweet flesh and pleasant aroma offer a balanced flavor profile that appeals to various durian lovers.

    The MDUR88’s adaptability to different growing conditions further enhances its appeal for those venturing into durian cultivation.

    • Registered Date: 1992
    • Average Selling Price (per kg): RM 42 – RM 52
    • History/Origin: A newer cultivar developed through selective breeding in Malaysia.
    • Planting Season: June-August
    • Flavor Profile: Bittersweet with a creamy texture and subtle floral notes.
    • Texture: Smooth and creamy.
    • Distinguishing Features: Medium-sized fruit with a round shape and greenish-yellow husk.
    • Yield Potential: High
    • Disease Resistance: High
    • Additional Notes: Known for its consistent quality, disease resistance, and adaptability to various growing conditions.

    Why Durian Farming in Malaysia is a Golden Opportunity

    fresh-whole-durian-6

    The Malaysian durian market is booming! With a growing global demand for this exotic fruit, durian farming presents a lucrative opportunity for those willing to invest in this flavorful venture. Malaysia’s unique climate and fertile soil are ideal for cultivating various durian cultivars.

    As the demand for durian continues to rise, both domestically and internationally, farmers who choose the right cultivars and implement effective cultivation practices can reap substantial rewards.

    Top Fruits is here to guide you on this exciting journey, offering expertise and resources to help you maximize your durian farming success.

    How to Choose the Right Cultivar for Your Needs

    Selecting the ideal durian cultivar for your plantation is a crucial decision that can significantly impact your success. Consider these essential factors (or read our complete guide here):

    • Climate and Soil: Different cultivars thrive in specific climates and soil types. Research the ideal conditions for each variety and ensure they align with your farm’s environment.
    • Flavor Profile: Durian flavors range from intensely sweet and creamy to bittersweet and complex. Choose cultivars that appeal to your target market and personal preferences.
    • Yield and Productivity: Some cultivars are known for their high yields and consistent productivity, while others may require more specialized care. Assess your resources and goals to determine the best fit.
    • Disease Resistance: Durian trees can be susceptible to various diseases. Opt for cultivars with strong disease resistance to minimize risks and ensure a healthy harvest.
    • Market Demand: Research the market demand for different durian varieties. Some cultivars may fetch higher prices due to their rarity or unique flavor profiles.

    Remember, Top Fruits is here to help.

    Our team of experts can provide personalized guidance and recommendations based on your specific needs and goals. Don’t hesitate to reach out for a free consultation to ensure you choose the perfect durian cultivars for your farm.

    Conclusion

    Choosing the right durian cultivars is the cornerstone of a thriving durian orchard. By carefully considering your farm’s unique conditions and your personal preferences, you can select the varieties that will bring you the greatest success.

    Remember, durian cultivation is a journey of discovery and experimentation. Don’t be afraid to explore different cultivars and find the ones that truly resonate with you.

    As you embark on this exciting adventure, know that Top Fruits is here to support you every step of the way.

    Our expertise and passion for durian are at your disposal. Contact us today for a free consultation, and let us help you unlock the full potential of your durian farm or plantation.

    FAQ

    What is the best durian variety in Malaysia?

    The “best” durian is subjective and depends on individual preferences. However, Musang King (D197) is widely regarded as one of the most popular and sought-after varieties due to its rich flavor and creamy texture.

    What is the best breed of durian?

    Similar to the previous question, the “best” breed depends on personal taste. This guide explores 10 excellent cultivars, each with unique characteristics. We encourage you to explore different varieties to discover your favorites.

    What is the top-rated durian?

    While ratings can vary, Musang King consistently ranks high among durian enthusiasts and experts. Its exceptional flavor, aroma, and texture have earned it a reputation as a top-tier durian.

    However, other cultivars like Black Thorn and Sultan King also have dedicated followings.
    Ready to embark on your durian-growing journey? Top Fruits is your trusted partner in durian cultivation. We offer various durian cultivars, expert advice, and comprehensive resources to help you achieve your farming goals.

    Contact us today for a free consultation, and let’s discuss the best durian cultivars for your farm, or visit our website to explore our durian products and learn more about our services.



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